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Farms of Study

The following properties are notable farms within the area of study examined individually.

Sully Plantation

Built:

1794 (main house + kitchen)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

38.992

Compensation:

$55,800

Acquisition value:

$1,432.35/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Nolting, Frederick E. & Lindsay C.

Notes:

Part of 3,111-acre tract claimed by Henry Lee I in 1725. Sully estate built by grandson Richard Bland Lee I in 1794. Sold out of the Lee family in 1838. Home to the Barlow family (Unionist Quakers) during the Civil War. Converted to Dairy Farm in the 1920s-1930s by the Poston family. Acquired by the CAA from Frederick Nolting (U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam between 1961-1962). Demolition of the estate and dependencies prevented with the aid of local protest. Acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority in 1959. Still standing today.

Extant:

Yes

At this location today:

Sully Plantation, museum and county park.

Photos:

Leeton

Built:

1800-1820 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

129.685

Compensation:

$71,500

Acquisition value:

$551.33/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Travis, Lewis S. & Jean S.

Notes:

Part of 3,111-acre tract patented to Henry Lee I in the early-18th century. Likely built by Harrison Fitzhugh, purchaser of 49 acres from Richard Bland Lee in 1802. Area owned by Abner Pierce in 1860. Appeals for historic preservation were unsuccessful. Demolished for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Wooded airport insulation, parking lot for the National Air & Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Wrenn Farm

Built:

1820 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

141.861

Compensation:

$29,700

Acquisition value:

$209.36/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Wrenn, Winnie H. & Robert F.

Notes:

Part of 4,142-acre tract patented to George Turberville in the early-18th century. Area owned by Charles W. Turley in 1860. Listed under "Asbury Wren" in G.M. Hopkins' Atlas ofFifteen Miles Around Washington (1879). Demolished for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Blastpad for Runway 12/30.

Beard Farm

Built:

1830 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

122.733

Compensation:

$28,400

Acquisition value:

$231.39/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Beard, Joseph E. & John W.

Notes:

Part of 1,020-acre tract patented to John Fitzhugh in the early-18th century. Area owned by Robert M. Newman in 1860. Last owned by Fairfax County agricultural agent and founder of Frying Pan Park, Joseph E. Beard. Demolished for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Wooded airport insulation, Route 28 southbound roadway.

McLearen Farm

Built:

1830 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

84.836

Compensation:

$49,000

Acquisition value:

$577.59/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

McLearen, G.A.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Henry S. Halbert during the Civil War. Edifices re-located for the construction of Route 28. Sold off and demolished to make room for highway widening.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Route 28 northbound roadway, Hilton Dulles hotel.

Morris (Matthew Middleton) Farm

Built:

1850 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

73.574

Compensation:

$40,750

Acquisition value:

$553.56/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Morris, Rose B.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Fannie B. Wilcoxen during the Civil War. Farm owned and run by Matthew Middleton (eldest son of Benjamin Middleton I) during early-to-mid-20th century. Last owned by Rose B. Morris, prior to demolition for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Tarmac, ATC tower.

Herwig Farm

Built:

1850 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

207.456

Compensation:

$76,000

Acquisition value:

$366.34/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Herwig, Leopold J.H.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Fannie B. Wilcoxen in 1860. Farm acquired for airport construction in 1958.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Tarmac, ATC tower, underground AeroTrain line, intra-airport storage buildings, Flight Line Rd.

Bonnyside Farm

Built:

1853 (main house), 1913 (Peck house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

60.894

Compensation:

$14,000

Acquisition value:

$229.91/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Peck, John D. & Howard B.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Henry S. Halbert and home to Confederate spy Laura Ratcliffe & her family during Civil War. Frequent stop for Colonel John Singleton Mosby prior to local skirmishes. Farm purchased by George C. Peck in 1908. Secondary Peck dwelling constructed in 1913. Renovations perfomed on Halbert/Ratcliffe house in 1948. Portion of farm acquired for airport construction in 1958, but most edifices remained outside of airport boundaries. Property sold off to corporate development in 1960s. Farm entrance and edifice footprints remain undeveloped. Remnants and rubble remains.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Abandoned ruins of farm, offices of HP Enterprise Services (formerly EDS), recreational fields, Route 28, wooded airport insulation.

Photos:

Horsepen Farm

Built:

1860-1870 (original house & shop), 1912 (main house), 1928 (secondary house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

171.507

Compensation:

$84,475

Acquisition value:

$492.55/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Middleton, Edna L., John, William D.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre and 740-acre tracts patented to Francis Awbrey and Robert Carter (respectively) in the early 18th century. Area owned by Charles T. Coleman and William Fitzhugh during the Civil War. Farmland and c. 1860-1870 house sold by Richard Summers to newly-immigrated Benjamin Middleton in 1871. Farm owned and run by Middleton descendants through the 19th and 20th centuries. Main house built by John Middleton in 1912. Secondary house for extended family constructed in 1928. Most of farmland acquired for airport construction in 1958, but most edifices remained outside of airport boundaries. Sold off to commercial development in 2000. Property remains undeveloped. Silo and rubble remain.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Abandoned ruins of farm, Route 28, airport "tank farm."

Photos:

Haselden Farm

Built:

1890 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

117

Compensation:

$39,800

Acquisition value:

$340.17/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Haselden, William V. & Dorothy H.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Henry S. Halbert in 1860. Demolished for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Runway 1R/19L.

Photos:

Carusillo Farm

Built:

1890 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

239.758

Compensation:

$72,850

Acquisition value:

$303.85/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Carusillo, Louis J. & Anna T.

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Robert Newman in 1860. Demolished for airport construction. Site of the majority of airport operations after 1962.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Main terminal, concourses A-D, underground AeroTrain line, legacy control tower, hourly & valet parking lots, Runway 1R/19L, Aviation Dr., Signature Flight Services.

Hyde Farm

Built:

1910 (main house)

Acreage acquired by CAA:

50

Compensation:

$73,200

Acquisition value:

$1,464/acre

Owner(s) in 1958:

Hyde, LeRoy W. & Elizabeth

Notes:

Part of 2,116-acre tract patented to Francis Awbrey in the early-18th century. Area owned by Robert Newman in 1860. Served as secondary residence for Dr. LeRoy Hyde of Washington D.C. Demolished for airport construction.

Extant:

No

At this location today:

Wooded airport insulation, Route 28-Frying Pan Interchange

Photos:

References

  1. Hugh C. Miller, Historical and Archaeological Survey Report, Washington Dulles International Airport, Loudoun and Fairfax Counties, Virginia, Virginia Department of Historic Resources, October 18, 1989.
  2. Fairfax County Deed Book (FX DB) 1685:142-419, August 22, 1958.
  3. Beth Mitchell & Edith Moore Sprouse, Fairfax County in 1860: Property Owners (Fairfax, VA).
  4. Original Land Grants & Current Roads. Map. Leesburg, VA: Loudoun County Office of Mapping & Geographic Information, 2009. http://www.flickr.com/photos/omagi/3726236799/in/set-72157619283256388/. (accessed 01-20-2011).
  5. Gamble, Sully: The Biography of a House, 134.